John 18 relates that the “other disciple” who was “known to the high priest” was given access by a maid girl to the palace of the high priest. It is commonly thought that this disciple was John the son of Zebedee, but this seems inconsistent with the account of that John being brought, together with Peter, before the high priest and his relatives.Continue reading “Was John son of Zebedee Known to the High Priest?”
Authorship as the key to the difference between John and the Synoptics
The Gospel of John presents a distinct picture of the life and ministry of Jesus. Whereas the Synoptics relate Jesus’ aphorisms delivered before the simple crowds in the rustic backcountry of Galilee, John’s Gospel attributes to Jesus lengthier theological discourses and elevated claims to God-like status (e.g. the “I am” statements).Continue reading “Why is John’s Gospel Different? Some Thoughts”
While there are good reasons for supposing that the Beloved Disciple was not John the son of Zebedee (see here), the view that he was Lazarus also raises difficulties.
1. The Beloved Disciple is portrayed as an anonymous figure right up until the final chapter of the Fourth Gospel, whereas Lazarus is named. This fact alone seems to rule out Lazarus as the BD.Continue reading “Was Lazarus the Beloved Disciple?”
It’s commonly thought that John the son of Zebedee was the author of the Gospel of John, the figure spoken of in that Gospel as “the disciple whom Jesus loved.” The two are never explicitly identified, however, and there are reasons for questioning this identification.
Here are eight points to consider:Continue reading “Were John son of Zebedee and the Beloved Disciple the same person?”
My research into the thesis that the early Christians identified John/Mark with John the Evangelist
I remember as a graduate student talking about my undergraduate research with another student. There was interest until I mentioned that I had examined the potential identification of the Beloved Disciple/John the Evangelist with the John also called Mark.
Immediately the mood changed. Words didn’t need to be spoken; the incredulous look and change in demeanor said it all. The conversation was brought to an abrupt end.