Is Irenaeus supportive of the Domitianic dating of Revelation?
Chapter 2 of Mark Hitchcock’s dissertation examines the evidence provided by two early Christians: Hegesippus and Irenaeus (d. c. 200). We have already discussed Hegesippus and we shall now proceed to discuss the evidence of Irenaeus, whom Hitchcock refers to as “the most important ancient witness” to the late date.
Continue reading “Mark Hitchcock’s Dissertation on the Late Dating of Revelation: A Critique. Part 3: Irenaeus”
Evaluating Hitchcock’s Evidence for the Late Date from Hegesippus
We now look at MH’s presentation of the external evidence for the dating; that is, the evidence from early Christian writers concerning when it was written. We shall begin with his discussion of Hegesippus (c. 150). His dissertation can be found here.
Continue reading “Hitchcock’s Dissertation on the Late Dating of Revelation: A Critique (Part 2): Hegesippus”
Was the canonical status of Revelation disputed in the early church?
It is often thought that the canonicity of Revelation was widely disputed in the early church, along with such books as 2 Peter, Jude, James, and Hebrews. In fact, Revelation was very well received in the first few centuries, and it first seems to have been rejected by Gaius of Rome at the turn of the third century, who appears to have rejected all of the Johannine books (including John’s Gospel).
Continue reading “The Early Reception of Revelation”
Were there two famous Johns at Ephesus?
According to Dionysius of Alexandria, writing in the third century, there were two memorials of John in Ephesus, and he suggested that there might have been two famous Johns who had lived in the province of Asia (whom he identifies as the authors of the Gospel of John and the book of Revelation respectively) (apud Eusebius, Hist. eccl. 7.25.16).
Continue reading “The Two Memorials of John in Ephesus”
What do we know about the martyr Antipas, and does this affect our dating of Revelation?
Antipas , who is remembered on April 11th in the calendar of the Eastern churches, is spoken of as a faithful martyr in Revelation’s letter to the church at Pergamon in Asia (Rev 2:13).
Continue reading “The Martyrdom of Antipas and the Dating of Revelation”
Further Evidence that Papias spoke of two famous Johns
Some scholars argue that Papias spoke of the same John twice, thus removing any possibility that a second John, the Elder, was associated with the Johannine writings. As we have seen, most scholars reject this proposal.
Continue reading “Papias: One John or Two? (Part 5)”
Examining the argument that Papias was identifying the Elder John with the Apostle
Part 4: The Argument for a Single John
Some scholars argue that Papias spoke of the same John twice, thus removing any possibility that a second John, the Elder, was associated with the Johannine writings.
Continue reading “Papias: One John or Two? (Part 4)”