The Martyrdom of John the Son of Zebedee

The ancient calendars of the church remember the martyrdom of the apostle John, the son of Zebedee, and his brother James on December 27.

In the calendars of the ancient church, John the son of Zebedee was remembered on the 27th December (or sometimes the 28th).

One of the earliest such calendars is an Armenian one, perhaps dating from the third century, which remembers “James and John, the Sons of Thunder” on the 28th December.

Continue reading “The Martyrdom of John the Son of Zebedee”

The Martyrdom of Antipas and the Dating of Revelation

What do we know about the martyr Antipas, and does this affect our dating of Revelation?

Antipas , who is remembered on April 11th in the calendar of the Eastern churches, is spoken of as a faithful martyr in Revelation’s letter to the church at Pergamon in Asia (Rev 2:13).

Continue reading “The Martyrdom of Antipas and the Dating of Revelation”

Papias: One John or Two? (Part 5)

Further Evidence that Papias spoke of two famous Johns

Some scholars argue that Papias spoke of the same John twice, thus removing any possibility that a second John, the Elder, was associated with the Johannine writings. As we have seen, most scholars reject this proposal.

Continue reading “Papias: One John or Two? (Part 5)”

Papias: One John or Two? (Part 4)

Examining the argument that Papias was identifying the Elder John with the Apostle

Part 4: The Argument for a Single John

Some scholars argue that Papias spoke of the same John twice, thus removing any possibility that a second John, the Elder, was associated with the Johannine writings.

Continue reading “Papias: One John or Two? (Part 4)”

Papias: One John or Two? (Part 3)

Even many prominent scholars of the traditional view reject the view that Papias spoke of one John

Part 3: Concessions from Scholars Holding the Traditional View

In this post, we will see that Papias’s differentiation of the two Johns has been accepted even among those who hold the traditional view (that the Apostle John, the son of Zebedee, wrote all of the Johannine works), despite the fact that this creates an otherwise unknown John who was famous at the time of Papias. Papias’s words are:

Continue reading “Papias: One John or Two? (Part 3)”

Papias: One John or Two? (Part 2): The Majority View

Scholarly consensus supports two separate John in Papias

We have been considering Papias’s reference to John the Elder. For the most part, scholarship holds that Papias spoke of two separate Johns, and it is generally admitted that had Papias intended to speak of the same John twice, then he expressed himself very unnaturally. Indeed, some exclude even this possibility.

Continue reading “Papias: One John or Two? (Part 2): The Majority View”