Was the canonical status of Revelation disputed in the early church?
It is often thought that the canonicity of Revelation was widely disputed in the early church, along with such books as 2 Peter, Jude, James, and Hebrews. In fact, Revelation was very well received in the first few centuries, and it first seems to have been rejected by Gaius of Rome at the turn of the third century, who appears to have rejected all of the Johannine books (including John’s Gospel).
Continue reading “The Early Reception of Revelation”
While there are good reasons for supposing that the Beloved Disciple was not John the son of Zebedee (see here), the view that he was Lazarus also raises difficulties.
1. The Beloved Disciple is portrayed as an anonymous figure right up until the final chapter of the Fourth Gospel, whereas Lazarus is named. This fact alone seems to rule out Lazarus as the BD.
Continue reading “Was Lazarus the Beloved Disciple?”
Further Evidence that Papias spoke of two famous Johns
Some scholars argue that Papias spoke of the same John twice, thus removing any possibility that a second John, the Elder, was associated with the Johannine writings. As we have seen, most scholars reject this proposal.
Continue reading “Papias: One John or Two? (Part 5)”
Examining the argument that Papias was identifying the Elder John with the Apostle
Part 4: The Argument for a Single John
Some scholars argue that Papias spoke of the same John twice, thus removing any possibility that a second John, the Elder, was associated with the Johannine writings.
Continue reading “Papias: One John or Two? (Part 4)”
Even many prominent scholars of the traditional view reject the view that Papias spoke of one John
Part 3: Concessions from Scholars Holding the Traditional View
In this post, we will see that Papias’s differentiation of the two Johns has been accepted even among those who hold the traditional view (that the Apostle John, the son of Zebedee, wrote all of the Johannine works), despite the fact that this creates an otherwise unknown John who was famous at the time of Papias. Papias’s words are:
Continue reading “Papias: One John or Two? (Part 3)”
Scholarly consensus supports two separate John in Papias
We have been considering Papias’s reference to John the Elder. For the most part, scholarship holds that Papias spoke of two separate Johns, and it is generally admitted that had Papias intended to speak of the same John twice, then he expressed himself very unnaturally. Indeed, some exclude even this possibility.
Continue reading “Papias: One John or Two? (Part 2): The Majority View”
Did Papias of Hierapolis speak of one John (the Apostle/Elder) or of two separate famous Johns (John the Apostle and John the Elder)?
In the preface to his lost work, Exposition of the Dominical Oracles, Papias of Hierapolis (early second century) lists a number of disciples of the Lord, among whom he names the Apostle John and John the Elder.
Continue reading “Papias: One John or Two? (Part 1)”